Automation Framework: Keyword Driven Framework

Keyword Driven framework is also known as table-driven or action-word driven framework. In this framework, an application map is defined including it’s objects, components, actions and an expected value for each component. It requires very deep knowledge of applications and automation testing expertise.

Keyword-driven tests look very similar to manual test cases. In a keyword-driven test, the functionality of the application-under-test is documented in a table as well as in step-by-step instructions for each test. In this method, the entire process is data-driven, including functionality.


  • The Detail Test Plan can be written in Spreadsheet format containing all input and verification data.
  • Application, language, tool independent.
  • Takes time, but most successful in long run.

  •  The Development of “customized” Functions and Utilities requires proficiency in the tool’s Scripting language.
  • Takes lot of time iitially.